When Half the Population is Under 15 Years Old: Social Implications and HYT Solutions

Posted on August 16th, 2018

The previous post explored Uganda’s environmental issues and the urgent need for environmentally friendly technologies, such as ISSB.  Following the theme of Win-Win solutions, the focus here is Uganda’s fascinating social structure and the issues facing this youthful, expanding population. Framing HYT’s work in the context of Uganda’s demographic landscape highlights the importance of impacting education and employment.



Youthful Population

All smiles outside this ISSB classroom block



Population Structure


Uganda’s population growth is one of the highest in the world, the average number of children per woman is 6.9 and half the population is under 15 years old. Having a young, growing population holds great potential but nurturing this potential can be challenging.





Child dependency ratios are a useful tool in understanding the impacts of a country’s age structure. The child dependency ratio looks at the proportion of dependent children (aged 0-14) versus the working population (people aged 15-65).



Mabira Forest Water Collection

Ugandan children often contribute to household responsibilities, in this case water collection



Uganda has one of the highest child dependency ratios in Africa: there are more dependent children than productive adults. High dependency ratio combined with population growth places huge pressure on existing infrastructure, the educational system and health care services. The productive population must bear the burden of supporting the dependants and pay higher taxes as public services strive to accommodate the increasing number of minors.



Increasing the productive population

HYT trainees in Kiryandongo: more women are signing up for HYT training, mobilising the female workforce increases the productive population.



The government is desperate to utilise Uganda’s wealth of human capital as an engine for economic growth and development. To harness this growing workforce it is imperative that those of a working age are employed and contributing to the economy. Unfortunately, unemployment rates are shocking: 58% of 16-64 year olds are unemployed, meaning less than a quarter of the total population is in official employment. High unemployment amplifies issues associated with a dependent population, placing a further burden on the economy.




Iowa State University Wall

Operations manager Phillip Yiga casting an eagle eye over trainee’s work. HYT training covers all aspects of construction using ISSB.

Why is unemployment so high?


In Uganda, it is thought that there is a mismatch between the type of education young people receive and the available jobs awaiting them after schooling.



“Numerous stakeholders consider vocational training to be a key missing link in the economy… The problem is less about education itself than about the type of education. Academic excellence is preferred over vocational skills. The degree fails to translate into practical skills.” Population Action International, 2010.



Mobilise the productive workforce

Vocational skills are highly valued in the Ugandan job market




HYT Uganda addresses these complex social issues on multiple levels. For over ten years HYT has been improving education infrastructure: building classrooms, teacher’s accommodation, dormitories, latrines and rainwater harvesting tanks. Upgrading Uganda’s educational infrastructure is particularly important given the countries surging population.



Classic HYT build: ISSB classroom block with adjoining kitchen



Perhaps the true magic of HYT is its contribution to decreasing unemployment. In the process of upgrading school facilities, hundreds of unemployed youths have been trained in construction, equipping them with lifelong employable skills and in many cases future work with HYT.



Youth empowerment remains at the heart of HYT’s work in Uganda.




HYT provides environmentally friendly construction solutions, whilst upgrading educational infrastructure and increasing the employability of Uganda’s youth. Win – Win – Win.




If you missed the previous post you can find it HERE.

If you would like to read more about the high dependency ratio in Uganda, click HERE.


Keep up-to-date with HYT’s work by following us on FacebookTwitter and Instagram.









Winners of the Ashden International Award for Sustainable Buildings 2017.

Watch our exciting video, or check out our work at hytuganda.com

Two Years Beside the Nile: A Retrospective

Posted on July 16th, 2018

Two Years Beside the Nile

A fisherman casts his golden net, just a stone’s throw away from the Haileybury Youth Trust’s offices.


When returning to Haileybury to sing in David Fanshawe’s African Sanctus in November 2015, I was particularly moved by the Crucifixus. The chirruping of South Sudanese frogs leads the audience down the Nile into Uganda, where the crooning of a fisherman and his wooden enanga (zither) conjure up a haunting image of the country I was hoping to work in for the next two years.


Ugandan Drummer in Mayuge

Music is one of the many medium through which Uganda expresses its warm and vibrant spirit.


8 months later I was to listen to the little amphibians from my bedroom in disbelief; their croaking was so loud I was convinced someone was playing one of those rainforest ambience CDs!


Sunbird in Mabira Forest

Subsequent wildlife encounters, such as this sunbird in Mabira Forest, confirm that Uganda’s natural environment is truly beyond belief!


The sounds of nature may not have changed, but the musical accompaniment to my time in Uganda has been far from the pain of a Crucifixus. Much more common have been the jubilant dances at the opening ceremonies of HYT classrooms, to the beating of goatskin drums and the boom of the village emcee! During my two years in the country, I’ve attended 6 of these events, each of which has marked the culmination of months of hard work by HYT trainers, trainees and the communities themselves.


Pupils Celebrate at HYT's 10th Community Project

Pupils Celebrate at HYT’s 10th Community Project


To put that work into perspective, I saw 30 structures completed in 2017 by a team of 4 trainers and their 3 managers, expertly led by Country Manager Mauricia. That makes an annual total of 7.5 buildings, and nearly 2,500 beneficiaries, per trainer!


HYT Team by the Nile

Among the many skills of an HYT trainer is the ability to make a convincing 90’s album cover…


It’s humbling stuff, as is the modesty and professionalism with which the Trust’s core team members carry out their award-winning work. Philip, Freddo, Johnny, Mattias, Sam and Eric certainly know the importance of a strong foundation, and it is on their shoulders that HYT’s 2017 Ashden Award for Sustainable Buildings proudly stands.


The Ashden Award Ceremony itself was a pivotal moment in the history of HYT, and a testament to the dedication of Director Russell Matcham over the last 12 years. His speech on the future of sustainable development in East Africa, delivered to an audience at the Royal Geographical Society which included former US Vice-President Al Gore, reflected his place at the beating heart of the Haileybury Youth Trust, which continually flies to new heights!


Russell Matcham Speaks at the Ashden International Conference

Russell Matcham Speaks at the Ashden International Conference


Of course, no speech about HYT would be complete without Country Manager Mauricia Nambatya, whose engineering qualifications from Makerere and Cambridge universities and impressive yet friendly leadership place her at the head of operations here in Jinja. In her the Trust has a sunny, Ugandan future!


Mauricia Nambatya Speaks at the Ashden Awards

Mauricia Nambatya Speaks at the Ashden Awards


So far in 2018, HYT has forged beyond Lake Victoria, up to the savannahs of Karamoja and the refugee camps of West Nile, in partnership with Enabel – Belgian Development Agency. I feel lucky to have overseen the inception of these important projects, and cannot wait to see where Mauricia and the incoming Assistant Country Manager, Ed Brett, will take HYT in the coming years.



Nakapiripirit Sustainable ISSB House

Enabel projects have seen the marriage of innovative ISSB technology and traditional construction techniques. 


As my term ends at the Trust, I take with me far more than the chirruping of the frogs (though HYT’s protection of wetlands has helped to secure even that)! I leave with memories of red marram soil, singing in the villages, and a suitcase full of smiles. Russell hopes there might be room for an ISSB in there too, but I’ll have to save that for next time…


A Clap for HYT

A round of applause for the men and women who make HYT the life-changing organisation it is for so many.